For almost 250 years the Netherlands was the only Western nation permitted to trade with Japan. Traders were not allowed to leave the little island of Dejima in the bay of Nagasaki. In the 20th century the two nations went to war. Objects in the Rijksmuseum testify to this unique and turbulent history, characterized by admiration and interest, but also misunderstanding and mistrust. Foreword by Togo Kazuhiko. English language edition published in the Rijksmuseum "Countries Series" in association with Vantilt. This series was awarded 'Best Dutch Book Design' 2015.